There is no specific measles treatment, except symptomatic treatment (of fever, cough, rhinitis and conjunctivitis). Acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, etc.) are prescribed to reduce fever, and in case of bacterial super infections, is given an antibiotic.
Quarantine is required for the entire duration of the measles treatment.
Prescription vitamin A in African children, aged between 6 months and 2 years, suffering from malnutrition has decreased considerably the number of deaths in children with severe measles.
Measles vaccine is administered to children between 12 and 15 months as a part of the measles treatment, but can be done from 6 months during an epidemic of measles. Children and adults exposed to measles virus, which have not developed immunity to the disease, can be vaccinated within 3 days after exposure.
The vaccine is given to patients with generalized malignancy (leukemia, lymphoma), immune diseases, those undergoing treatment with cortisone, perform radiation therapy. Vaccination should not be performed during pregnancy or in patients with tuberculosis Netra.
The vaccine is indicated for pregnant women and children under 1 year. Instead, for these categories is preferred use of immune globulins (antibodies), administered within 2 days after exposure to virus.
Making the vaccine is given with the measles vaccination against rubella and mumps. It is the RRO vaccine (measles-mumps-rubella), administered at the age of 1 year.
Measles treatment is given care at home under medical supervision. Admission is required if measles occurred in a child who already suffer from another disease (severe diarrhea, pneumonia, acute), if the conditions of a proper measles treatment are not met at home, whether there are complications.
During the hygienic dietary treatment, as the child is feverish and refuses to eat, he/she will not be forced and will be given small quantities of liquid in abundance. Once the appetite returns, he may be given a normal regime, depending on its age and preferences. In all febrile period and complications, the child will stay in bed and will avoid contact with persons suffering from other illnesses (flu, colds, tonsillitis, skin infections).
The baby’s room will be overheated, it will be well aired and will maintain a moist atmosphere. When your child has catarrh, excessive light will be disturbing, so you will have to diminish light using weaker bulb al night/evening, and draw curtains during the day. Once the fever is normal, the child will be given a general bath.
Pneumonia is the most common complication in children below 2 years. Fever persists, the cough is gets worse; breathing becomes more alert, heavy and is accompanied by wail.
Measles croup (laryngitis blocked) can lead to suffocate the child by reducing or occlusion of the larynx. Less common complications: interstitial pneumonia, encephalitis (rare but very serious), vomiting, diarrhea.
Measles is a disease that weakens the body’s defense more capacity and open in this way, the way tuberculosis.
Measles is a highly contagious disease, caused by the measles virus and characterized by high fever, cough, runny nose and eyes and a rash. Under the age of 2 years, the disease is often followed by severe pulmonary complications.
Measles is transmitted directly from one sick child to another, which is contagious for 4-5 days before the rash appears and throughout the eruption.
The disease is transmitted through air by droplets of saliva, nasopharyngeal secretions, a child develops around or during speech, coughing, sneezing. Children between 1 and 10 years are particularly receptive. In public places designed for children (nurseries, kindergartens, schools) the disease includes almost all children who did not have a history of measles or have not been vaccinated. After the age of 3 months when the antibodies disappear transmitted by the mother (if she had the disease) children can become ill of measles at any age. It is desirable not to make measles at a child under the age of 3 years, because up to this age are common and serious complications.
Measles is very contagious since the early stages, with 3-4 days before the rash appears, until the child is bluetongue phenomena. Contamination of a healthy baby from one patient that is in the same apartment is almost certain. The disease is not transmitted through a third person. After subtracting the disappearance of fever and rash, the disease is no longer transmitted. No special measures are required. Measles vaccine is compulsory and is practicing at the age of 9-14 months in companies organized territorial dispensary. Anti measles vaccine can be administered in combination with the anti measles and mumps (RRO = measles, rubella, mumps) or MRM (Mumps, after the German name).