Incubation time (from infection to first symptoms) in measles is one of the most fixed, being in average ten to eleven days (eight to twelve days) and extended up to 28 days in cases where the patient received gamma-globulin after three or four days after the infection contact.
Invasion period lasts two to four days and corresponds to the secondary viral infection, is characterized by these measles symptoms:
Fever – increased gradually, reaching within 2-3 days from 39 to 40 degrees and lasts until the rash appears, at which point the fever decreases but is maintained above normal all through the period of recovery.
General state: asthenia, loss of appetite (loss of appetite), drowsiness, curving (muscle pain), photophobia.
Inflammation of the lining of the nose, catarrh: intense, persistent with congestion of the nasal mucosa by repeated sneezing and sometimes nasal bleeding, Mucus-purulent nasal discharge.
Conjunctivitis (eyes getting red and occasional swelling).
Catarrh (inflammation of the lining of an organ) Respiratory evolves downward interest to larynx with measles laryngitis appearance expressed by: annoying dry cough, sometimes with the character barking, hoarse voice.
The “baby crying” look – part determined by conjunctively congestion, water profusely.
Injuries in linear form and nasal hyperemia (excessive blood from the nose) may appear as measles symptoms.
Rash that appears on the mucous membranes: is a characteristic sign in measles.
Skin rash, short-term, sometimes may take about 24 hours.
Neurological disorders: more or less severe but constantly present, headache (headache), irritability or drowsiness, sometimes seizures, often febrile.
Increase in volume and swollen lymph nodes, without multiplication of cells.
Digestive disorders: vomiting, loss of appetite (total or partial), diarrhea, abdominal pain, often mimicking an acute abdomen.
These are all the measles symptoms that may appear. It is not necessary, for them to be present in the order presented above. These symptoms are general, but complications with the most unpredictable results may appear. Measles symptoms are easy to spot and treated with the best results.
Eruption has the following features:
Fever: is maintained during the entire period eruption while the other measles symptoms appear and are healed.
General measles symptoms: drowsiness, apathy (indifference), delirium, convulsions (due to fever).
Start with drop foot. Phenomena bluetongue breathing is reduced in intensity, overall it improves but may persist for a moderate asthenia, body resistance is low, patient being susceptible to the occurrence of bacterial complications.
Measles or measles is a highly contagious acute infectious disease, caused by measles virus and characterized clinically by the phenomenon of bluetongue and respiratory difficulties skin rash characterized by discoloration of the skin and blisters on the skin, measles symptoms present in all forms of the disease.
Is a very severe eruptive disease, a major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and unvaccinated children, accompanied by numerous complications, if the measles symptoms are ignored and untreated.
The incidence of measles has decreased dramatically after the introduction of wide-scale vaccination measles, epidemic currently occurring in small outbreaks affecting susceptible persons in a community and especially infants between 6 months – 1 year (who lost placental antibodies passed from mother), teenagers, young adults and children vaccinated. If the mother presents no immunity from disease the risk of the new-born to develop the disease is 100%.
Source of infection: the sick man with typical or atypical form of disease.
Transmission is either by direct contact (by drops Nasopharyngeal-throat secretions removed by coughing or sneezing) or indirectly through a third party (infectiousness of short duration) or by air currents.
Immunity after natural disease is for life.